In the northern Gulf of Mexico, where the fishing industry has exploded, the fishers are trying to stay ahead of the predators.
They have been using a new, cheaper and more effective way of catching sharks: using small nets and hooks.
They are using a technique called “bait baiting” to catch fish.
Their catch has soared in the last year, but some experts say the industry is in danger of losing its momentum and of facing a shark attack crisis.
“They are making an unprecedented comeback,” said Mark Sisson, who is the executive director of the Association of Bay Fishers.
“It’s like a tidal wave that’s hitting the industry.”
Sisson says that in a couple of years, he hopes to see a resurgence in the fishing of sharks.
“I think in the next few years, we’ll see a lot of activity, especially in the waters off the Gulf of California, where they’ve been the mainstay of fishing,” he said.
“And we’ll probably see a return to the levels we saw in the 1980s and 1990s.”
In recent years, more than a dozen countries have banned shark-finning, which has been the focus of a fierce international battle.
Many countries, including the United States, have banned the use of sharks in fish and shellfish.
However, countries like Japan and Australia have been increasing the number of shark finning licences.
This is partly because many countries are struggling to regulate the industry and because it is illegal to harvest shark fins in any way, said Michael DeLuca, the executive vice president of the Shark Conservation Society, a non-profit organisation that advocates against shark finned fish.
“We’re in a situation where we’re basically asking these countries to ban shark fin for the next decade,” DeLucas told Al Jazeera.
“What are they going to do with the shark if they do that?
And that’s not the only thing that’s going to change.”
DeLucis said that as the global economy slows down, there will be a greater need for fisheries.
“The fact that there are fewer boats means there are less fish to catch, and therefore less profit to be made,” he told Al Jazira.
“In the end, that will be the downfall of the industry, and it will also be the end of the species.”
According to the US government, there were more than 4,600 confirmed shark attacks in the US last year.
The majority of them were in the Gulf, but there have also been cases in Mexico, Brazil and China.
While the vast majority of shark attacks happen in the Pacific Ocean, some sharks have been caught in other areas.
“Sharks are attracted to these environments,” DeSontas said.
There are also reports that there have been reports of shark encounters in Japan, as well as in other Asian countries, but the authorities have not confirmed this.
However there have even been reports in the UK.
“A lot of the sharks in the seas off the coast of Britain are actually not sharks at all, but they are other species of sharks,” said Peter Dutton, an oceanographer at the University of York.
“So you have cases of people getting in contact with these animals, but no confirmed shark attack has ever been reported.”
Sissons, who has been a shark-fisherman for about 25 years, said he has seen many instances of fishermen accidentally catching sharks.
One incident he described involved a fisherman in a canoe who got into a “choke hold” and was unable to free himself.
“He was holding on to the line, but he could not free himself,” Sissings said.
Sisson said that while the fishing trade is booming, there is a lot more work to be done.
“You know, the fact that the Gulf is so crowded, you know, with all these boats and so many people out here, I think it’s going be a very challenging decade for us,” he added.
The fishers believe that the world is facing a crisis in shark attacks.
They believe that shark attacks have risen sharply over the last decade due to a number of factors, including a decline in the availability of shark fins and the development of better techniques for catching them.
“There’s a lot that’s happened that’s led to a big increase in the number and number of attacks,” Sisson told Al JA.
“But I also think we’ve seen an explosion in the use [of] small nets.”
According a 2012 report by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), shark attacks are increasing in the wild, but scientists are unsure whether this is the result of an increased availability of sharks or whether it is the direct result of increased demand for shark fin soup.
Sissions said he thinks the latter.
“Because we’ve had so much demand for this, it’s almost become a commercialized product, and a lot people are getting the soup